Teenage Acne Guide
What is acne?
Acne is an inflammatory condition that affects the skin's sebaceous (oil) glands and hair follicles. Hair, sebum, and keratinocytes clump together in the pore of an acne patient. Oil and skin cells encourage bacteria that typically exist on the skin to proliferate in clogged follicles, where they can lead to inflammation or acne. Source
Causes of Acne Amongst Teens
1. Diet & Nutrition (Source)
Sugar and meals high in glycemic index are significant causes of acne for those of you who have a sweet tooth. In essence, eating foods with a lot of sugar raises your body's insulin levels. This severe insulin overload causes the skin to produce more oils, blocking your pores and hair follicles with sebum, thus causing acne among individuals. It is believed that dairy products, particularly milk, make acne problems worse. Whey and casein, two proteins that are added to skim milk to make it taste less watery, have been linked to worsening inflammation. Most candy bars and pastries frequently include dairy and sugar, which has been related to a severe cases of acne. The good news is that raw cacao has been shown to have no effect on acne outbreaks, which is great news for all of you chocolate lovers. Zinc, vitamins A, C, and E, and minerals present in raw cacao are all very good for your skin. So, the next time you want a chocolate bar, consider choosing high-percentage dark chocolate or snack-size cacao nibs. Fast food should also be avoided for your skin for the same reasons. Your hormonal balance and blood sugar levels may be affected by the high saturated fat content and processed additives. Try preparing your preferred fast food at home if you're craving it.
2. Stress & Lifestyle
Many people have a wrong understanding of the association between stress and acne. Acne cannot be caused by stress directly. Studies have shown that stress does aggravate acne if you already have it. Researchers have discovered that when a person is under stress, wounds, including acne, heal much more slowly. Acne that takes longer to cure results in pimples that stick around longer and are more likely to get worse. It can also imply that more acne is visible at once because each pimple takes longer to cure during a breakout. Certain lifestyle choices also contribute to acne breakouts, like
- Washing your face frequently with the wrong products
- Scrubbing and exfoliating your skin too hard
- Usage of dirty clothes or towels to pat dry your skin and
- Frequently changing your skincare routine
3. Hormonal Imbalance (Source)
Androgens, estrogens, progesterone, and insulin make up the majority of the hormones that cause acne. The most crucial hormones controlling sebum production are androgens. Androgens accelerate the development of acne in both sexes starting around puberty. Progesterone is responsible for menstrual flares and sebum exacerbations. Negative feedback inhibition of the gonadal axis is a mechanism through which oestrogen may affect sebum production. Sebaceous gland development and maturation are accelerated by insulin. This effect is brought about by insulin's activation of GH receptors on sebocytes. Additionally, insulin suppresses the liver's generation of SHBG and has a positive feedback impact on androgenesis in the adrenal and ovarian glands. As foods with a high glycemic index cause insulin to be released, which then leads to an increase in androgen and sebum production, they can help to explain the rocky relationship between diet and acne.
Do’s & Don’ts During Acne Breakouts
|Use a mild non-abrasive cleanser||Overdo face washing|
|Limit your sun exposure||Abuse your skin|
|Watch what you eat and drink||Cover acne with cosmetics|
|Clean your smartphones regularly||Over examine your skin|
|See a dermatologist if necessary||Use self-medication or scratch acne|
Formulas Customised For Different Acne Concerns
Each kind of acne needs a unique line of treatment. Here is a brief guide from Teenilicious to treat different acne concerns:
1. For oily skin to clear skin pores (blackheads & whiteheads)
You'll notice a blackhead if the pore becomes clogged with detritus yet remains open. Refrain from scrubbing since the black spots aren't dirt. Your acne will only become worse. Salicylic acid acts by focusing on the sebum that mixes with bacteria, dead skin cells, and pores. Neem leaf extracts combat bacteria that cause acne while soothing inflamed skin. Tea tree oil treats the inflammatory signs of acne because of its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial qualities. Thymol efficiently reduces infection and skin inflammation.
- Salyclic Acid
- Tea Tree Oil
2. For dry skin & sensitive skin (inflamed & irritated acne)
You'll notice tiny, red bumps when extra oil, germs, and dead skin cells irritate the skin and create inflammation, redness and swelling. Azelaic Acid gently promotes cell turnover to accelerate skin healing and reduce scars. Alba bark extract exfoliates the skin, eliminating excess oil, bringing out its radiance, and smoothing out the skin texture. Tea tree oil treats the inflammatory signs of acne because of its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial abilities. Thymol successfully reduces skin infection and inflammation.
- Azelaic Acid
- Alba Bark Extract
3. For inflammatory acne with redness and pus formation (spots and pigments)
A yellow or white centre filled with pus is a common sight in these acne breakouts. Wash your face with a benzoyl peroxide-containing acne treatment to address the problem. Benzoyl peroxide eradicates acne-causing bacteria from the skin surface reducing red bumps, and inflammation while removing dead skin cells. The astringent and anti-inflammatory qualities of witch hazel extract diminish acne outbreaks and lessen excessive oil production on the skin. Tea tree oil treats the inflammatory signs of acne because of its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. Thymol effectively reduces skin irritation and infection.
- Benzoyl Peroxide
- Witch Hazel Extract
You're not alone if you're frustrated about your acne treatment and think it won't work. Stay persistent. Some solutions work. It occasionally calls for a dermatologist's assistance.